Coaching institutes need to pay GST on composite supply basis, clarifies CBIC – The Hindu BusinessLine

Clipped from: https://www.thehindubusinessline.com/economy/coaching-institutes-need-to-pay-gst-on-composite-supply-basis-clarifies-cbic/article65074062.ece

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Isometric online distance education, training, courses. Student character sitting at desk, studying at computer, writing university exam, learning homework. Landing page template, 3d vector web banner Bridging the gap | Photo Credit: Freepik

GST rate for coaching services attract 18 per cent

A coaching institute cannot deposit Goods & Services Tax (GST) on individual items basis for the supply of notebooks, t-shirts, bags, sweat shirts, etc. to students along with coaching service, Central Board of Indirect Taxes & Custom (CBIC) has clarified.

“These types of bundled services fall under the category of ‘Composite Supply’ and attract 18 per cent GST,” CBIC Chairman Vivek Johri said in a weekly communication to officers and staff of the indirect tax body.

A composite supply means a supply made by a taxable person to a recipient consisting of two or more taxable supplies of goods or services or both, or any combination thereof, which are naturally bundled and supplied in conjunction with each other in the ordinary course of business, one of which is a principal supply. Rate on principal supply will be rate for entire supply. Here, the coaching service is principal supply.

This observation has been made after the Alwar (Rajasthan) CGST Commissionerate detected a modus operandi relating to short payment of GST on composite supply of commercial training or coaching services along with goods such as school bag, notebooks, t-shirts, sweat shirts, umbrellas, etc. to their students.

While the students were charged a lump sum amount for these services/goods, the tax was deposited on individual supplies of bags, notebooks etc, Johri noted and made it clear that such a supply would be a composite supply. An amount of ₹3.6 crore was recovered in the case.

In the case of taxes paid on individual item basis, notebooks attract GST at the rate of 12 per cent, while t-shirts and sweat shirts attract levy at the rate of 5 per cent (in case maximum retail price is less than ₹1,000) and 12 per cent (in case maximum retail price is over ₹1,000). Rate for umbrella is 12 per cent.

‘Impact on students’

Rajat Mohan, Senior Partner with CA firm AMRG says, the current GST laws force every commercial training and coaching institute to charge 18 per cent tax on books, course materials, and bags, irrespective of whether such underlying items are individually tax-neutral or not. Since the inception of GST, the secondary education sector has been whining about this issue, which weighs heavy on students.

“GST is the newest indirect tax on the block, and the underlying concepts will evolve. Businesses face numerous industry-level issues that the board clarifies without comprehending business processes developed over decades. The GST council must pitch in all such matters and ensure that sectoral customised solution is being given to trade and industry,” he said.

Sandeep Sehgal, Partner with tax firm AKM Global, says generally the concept is that if certain items are usually clubbed in the course of provision of a service, it is called composite supply and all the goods/services shall attract GST at the rate applicable to the main supply.

In this case, it will be coaching services as it is now becoming customary to provide bags, and material, etc. and the cost is generally included in the course fee. 

Hence, “the attempt to bifurcate it into different items may not be tenable. However, a mixed supply is treated differently wherein the goods/services could be sold together only due to convenience or requirement of the client but are not sold together customarily,” he said.

Published on February 22, 2022

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