Clipped from: https://taxguru.in/corporate-law/revocation-rera-registration-section-7.html
Revocation of RERA registration – Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act, 2016 – Section 7
RERA Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act, 2016, was enacted by the Parliament of India with the aim of regulating and promoting the real estate sector in India. The Act came into effect on May 1, 2016, and was implemented across the country on May 1, 2017.
The primary objective of RERA is to protect the interests of homebuyers and to promote transparency and accountability in the real estate sector. The RERA Act empowers the state to establish a regulatory authority to oversee the functioning of the real estate sector and to ensure that real estate stakeholders adhere to the rules and regulations set forth in the Act.
As we are all aware that Section 3(1) of the RERA Act 2016 mandates the prior registration of Real Estate Project before marketing, sales, invitation, collection of advances from the prospective customers etc. Most of the States / UT’s have established and appointed the Regulatory Authority’s. More than 1 Lac Real Estate projects have registered across India.
In earlier articles, I have deliberated on various provisions includes Registration, periodical compliances, financial management, agreement of sale, modification of plan, transfer of projects, completion of the project etc.,
In this article, let us understand the Revocation of RERA Registration and its impact thereon.
Section 7 of the RERA Act empowers the RERA Authority to revoke the RERA registration on receipt of complaint or suo motu or on the recommendation of the competent authority after being satisfied that –
a) The promoter makes default in doing anything required by or under this Act or the rules or the regulations made thereunder,
b) The promoter violates any of the terms or conditions of the approval given by the competent authority,
c) The promoter involved in any kind of unfair practices or irregularities.
d) The promoter Indulges in any fraudulent practices
|Section 7(1)(a)||Default in doing anything required by or under this Act or the rules or the regulations||a) Failure to utilise the funds received for the real estate project (funds diverted or mis-utilised) – Section 4(2)(L)(D)b) Failure to deliver the possession of the real estate project within the time or as extended time as per agreement of sale entered with the allotteesc) Failure to deliver the possession of the real estate project as per agreement of sale entered with the allotteesd) Failure to enter into Agreement of Sale – Section 13e) Failure to obtain the allottees consent before modification of sanctioned plan and specifications (Section 14)f) Failure to obtain the allottees consent before transfer of rights and liabilities in the project.g) Failure to comply with the orders of the Authorityh) Failure to perform or comply with Section 11 of the Act||These provisions are mandatory under the RERA Act –a) The defaults of the promoter results in jeopardize the rights of the allottees in the project.b) The defaults of the promoter may result in completing the development works in the project|
|Section 7(1)(b)||Violates any of the terms or conditions of the approval given by the competent authority||a) Construction of the project not in accordance with the plans sanctionedb) The construction is hazardous or causes the risk to the environment or inhabitants||Every real estate project requires approval from the competent authorities.a) Which includes planning authorities like Urban Development, DTCP, Municipalities etcb) Approval given by statutory authorities like Fire department, Environmental department, Coastal authorities etc|
|Section 7(1)(c)||Involved in any kind of unfair practices or irregularities||Statement in writing or by visible representation, which –a) Falsely represents that the service is of particular standard or grade E.g., platinum green building or LEED Certified buildings, Energy Star buildings, and Naturally Occurring (or “Zero”) Net Buildings.b) Represents that the promoter has approval or affiliation which such promoter does not have – Eg., member of international Real Estate Federation or groupc) Makes a false or misleading representation concerning the services E.g., free maintenance for 3 years||Unfair practice means, a practice which, for the purpose of promoting the sale or development of any real estate project, adopts any unfair method or unfair or deceptive practices.Indulge in unfair marketing.|
|Section 7(1)(d)||Indulges in any fraudulent practices||Indulges in any fraudulent practices with an intention to defraud the allottees or other stakeholders of the real estate project.||Fraudulent practices may include –a) Ponzi schemesb) Multi-level marketingc) Buy back guarantee schemesd) Guaranteed Returns on investments (without having any financial planning)|
The Maharashtra Real Estate Regulatory Authority (MahaRERA) has revoked the registration of projects being investigated in the Kalyan RERA scam for allegedly submitting fake commencement certificates for “unfair trade practices,” and has ordered that their designated bank accounts associated with the projects be frozen.
Karnataka RERA has published the list of the revoked projects under the following link – https://rera.karnataka.gov.in/viewAllWithdrawnProjects
1. If the RERA Authority decides to revoke the registration of a real estate project, it shall send a notice to the promoter stating the reasons for revocation and give the promoter an opportunity to be heard. If the promoter fails to satisfy the RERA authority with the bona fide intention or evidence, the authority proceeds to pass the necessary revocation of the registration of real estate projects granted under section 5 of the RERA Act.
2. Further, the RERA Authority may, instead of revoking the RERA Registration, permit to remain in force subject to such further terms and conditions as it thinks fit to impose in the interest of the allottees and any such terms and conditions so imposed shall be binding upon the promoter.
3. The Authority Upon revocation of the RERA Registration –
a. Shall debar the promoter
b. Shall specify the promoter’s name in the list of the defaulters – BLACKLISTING
c. Shall inform to all other state RERA authorities
d. Freeze the Bank Account of the RERA designated bank account
e. Any other directions in the interest of the allottees or public interest
Conclusion – the revocation RERA registration of the project having far reaching effect on the promoter. The promoter may not be able to continue or carryout any further real estate projects in the state and other states (blacklisting of the promoter). Hence it is important to understand the importance of the various provisions under RERA and adhere from time to time.
Author, Vinay Thygaraj, is partner at M/s.Venu & Vinay, Chartered Accountants, Bengaluru, you can write to him on firstname.lastname@example.org