The MWPSC Act mandates states formation of tribunals for every sub-division of a district to look into the grievances of senior citizens, particularly those who don’t receive care in the form of proper food, shelter, clothing or medical treatment from their kin. The establishment of tribunals spares seniors aims to resolve conflicts within 90 days. The legislation enables a neglected parent or a senior citizens to approach the tribunal if they are unable to maintain themselves from their own earnings and property. The tribunal would award maintenance up to Rs 10,000, to be paid by their children or legal heir. Those convicted for neglecting or abandoning parents (biological, adoptive and step parents) or senior citizen (60 years of age or older) could face a jail term up to three months or a fine of Rs 5,000.
The draft MWPSC Amendment Bill, 2018, with modified definitions and addition of new clauses and provisions, seems promising as it adopts a rights-based approach to ensure senior citizens’ maintenance of their basic needs, safety and security by their children and grandchildren. It also calls for establishment, management and regulation of institutions and services to cater to needs of older people. It extends to the needs of such senior citizens and parents so that they may lead a life of dignity. The amendment now has a clause that bars senior citizens’ caretakers from selling of the property without the consent of their parent or senior citizen. The bill thus expands the ambit of safety and security for the elderly by making even distant relatives responsible for their upkeep and removing the maximum ceiling of the maintenance allowance of Rs 10,000, which in certain cases is seen as being too meagre. The amendment recommends increased fine and imprisonment for abandoning parents as it addresses areas of concern like non-payment of maintenance by making provision for stringent conditions such as imprisonment till the amount is paid.
The amended bill makes it mandatory for the government to set standards of care for senior citizens care centres and multi-service day care centres which would make older people aware about the centre’s role and importance. The emphasis on minimum standards strengthens the bill and also brings in good practice norms. It brings a much needed change to give senior citizens a life of dignity and respect by treating it as their right. The bill could have been made more proactive but it is a welcome legislation that should to be approved soon.
Mala Kapur Shankardass is a sociologist, health social scientist and gerontologist
The views expressed are personal