Master Guide on filing of income Tax Return–TAXGURU

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The taxpayer has to communicate the details of his taxable income/loss to the Income-tax Department. These details are communicated to the Income-tax Department in the form of return of income. In this part you can gain knowledge about various provisions and procedure relating to furnishing (i.e. filing) the return of income. The provisions discussed in this part are applicable for furnishing the return of income for the assessment year 2021-22, i.e., financial year 2020-21

Q.1 What is a return of income?

Ans: ​ITR stands for Income Tax Return​. It is a prescribed form through which the particulars of income earned by a person in a financial year and taxes paid on such income are communicated to the Income-tax Department. It also allows carry -forward of loss and claim refund from income tax department.​Different forms of returns of income are prescribed for filing of returns for different Status and Nature of income. These forms can be downloaded from https://www.incometax.gov.in/iec/foportal

Q.2 What are the forms of return prescribed under the Income-tax Law?

​​​​​​​​​Ans: Under the I​ncome-tax Law, different forms of returns are prescribed for different classes of taxpayers. The return forms are known as ITR forms (Income Tax Return Forms). The forms of return prescribed under the Income-tax Law for filing of return of income for the assessment year 2022-23 (i.e., financial year 2021-22) are as follows:

Return FormBrief Description
ITR – 1Also known as SAHAJ is applicable to an individual having salary or pension income or income from one house property (not a case of brought forward loss) or income from other sources (not being lottery winnings and income from race horses, income taxable under section 115BBDA or income reffered in section 115BBDA or income referred in section 115BBE).
ITR – 2It is applicable to an individual or an Hindu Undivided Family not having income chargeable to income-tax under the head “Profits or gains of business or profession”
ITR – 3It is applicable to an individual or a Hindu Undivided Family who has any income chargeable to tax under the head business or profession
ITR – 4Also known as SUGAM is applicable to individuals or Hindu Undivided Family or partnership firm who have opted for the presumptive taxation scheme of section 44AD/ 44ADA/44AE.​
ITR – 5This Form can be used by a person being a firm, LLP, AOP, BOI, artificial juridical person referred to in section 2(31)(vii), cooperative society and local authority. However, a person who is required to file the return of income under section 139(4A) or 139(4B) or 139(4C) or 139(4D)  shall not use this form (i.e., trusts, political parties, institutions, colleges)
ITR – 6It is applicable to a company, other than a company claiming exemption under section 11 (exemption under section 11 can be claimed by charitable/religious trust).
ITR – 7It is applicable to a persons including companies who are required to furnish return under section 139(4A) or section 139(4B) or section 139(4C) or section 139(4D) (i.e., trusts, political parties, institutions, colleges).
​ITR – VIt is the acknow​ledgement of filing the return of income.

​Q.3 What are the different modes of filing the return of income?

Ans: ​​​​​​The Return Form can be filed with the Income-tax Department in any of the following ways, –

(i) by furnishing the return in a paper form;

(ii) by furnishing the return electronically under digital signature;

(iii) by transmitting the data in the return electronically under electronic verification code;

(iv) by transmitting the data in the return electronically and thereafter submitting the verification of the return in Return Form ITR-V;

Note

Where the return of income is filed in the manner given at (iv) without digital signature, then the taxpayer should take two printed copies of Form ITR-V. One copy of ITR-V, duly signed by the taxpayer, is to be sent (within the period specified in this regard, i.e., 120 days) by ordinary post or speed post to “Income-tax Department – CPC, Post Bag No. 1, Electronic City Post Office, Bengalore-560100 (Karnataka). The other copy may be retained by the taxpayer for his record.

Q.4 Which mode of filing of return is applicable to whom?

Ans: ​​​​​​​​​​​The applicable return of income shall be furnished by a person mentioned in column (ii) of the Table below to who​m the conditions specified in column (iii) apply, in the manner specified in column (iv) thereof:—

Sl.PersonConditionManner of furnishing return of income
(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)
1Individual or Hindu undivided family(a)Accounts are required to be audited under section 44AB of the Act;Electronically under digital signature;
(b)A super senior citizen (whose age is 80 years or above at any time during the previous year) who furnishes the return either in ITR-1 or ITR-4  (A)Electronically under digital signature; or(B)Transmitting the data electronically in the return under electronic verification code; or(C)Transmitting the data in the return electronically and thereafter submitting the verification of the return in Form ITR-V; or(D)Paper form;
(c)In any other case(A)Electronically under digital signature; or(B)Transmitting the data electronically in the return under electronic verification code; or(C)Transmitting the data in the return electronically and thereafter submitting the verification of the return in Form ITR-V; ]
2CompanyIn all cases.Electronically under digital signature.
3A person required to furnish the return in Form ITR-7(a)In case of a political party;Electronically under digital signature;
(b)In any other case (A)Electronically under digital signature; or
(B)Transmitting the data in the return electronically under electronic verification code; or
(C)Transmitting the data in the return electronically and thereafter submitting the verification of the return in Form ITR-V.
4Firm or limited liability partnership or any person (other than a person mentioned in Sl. 1 to 3 above) who is required to file return in Form ITR-5(a)Accounts are required to be audited under section 44AB​ of the Act;Electronically under digital signature;
(b)In any other case.(A)Electronically under digital signature; or
(B)Transmitting the data in the return electronically under electronic verification code; or
(C)Transmitting the data in the return electronically and thereafter submitting the verification of the return in Form ITR-V

Q.5 Is it necessary to attach any documents along with the return of income?

Ans: ​​​​​​​​​​ITR return forms are attachment less forms and, hence, the taxpayer is not required to attach any document (like proof of investment, TDS certificates, etc.) along with the return of income (whether filed manually or filed electronically). However, these documents should be retained by the taxpayer and should be produced before the tax authorities when demanded in situations like assessment, inquiry, etc.

As discussed above, no documents are to be attached along with the return of income, however, in case of a taxpayer who is required to furnish a report of audit under section​ 10(2​3C)(iv), 10(23C)(v), 10(23C)(vi), 10(23C)via), 10A, 10AA, 12A(1)(b), 44AB, 44DA, 50B, 80-IA, 80-IB, 80-IC, 80-ID, 80JJAA, 80LA, 92E, 115JB or 115VW​​​​ or to give a no​​​tice under section 11(2)(a) shall furnish it electronically on or before the date of filing the return of income.

​Q.6 Who can use ITR – 1 (SAHAJ)?

Ans: ​​​​​​​​​​​Return Form ITR – 1 (SAHAJ) can be used by an individual whose total income includes:

(1) Income from salary/pension; or

(2) Income from one house property (excluding cases where loss is brought forward from previous years); or

(3) Income from other sources (excluding winnings from lottery and income from race horses, income taxable under section 115BBDA or Income of the nature referred to in section 115BBE).

Further, in a case where the income of another person like spouse, minor child, etc., is to be clubbed with the income of the taxpayer, this return form can be used only when such income falls in any of the above categories.

ITRDescription
​ITR – 1 (SAHAJ)For Individuals having Income from Salaries, one house property, other sources (Interest etc.) and having total income upto Rs.50 lakh

Q.7 Who cannot use ITR – 1 (SAHAJ)?

Ans: ​​​​​​​​​​​Return Form ITR – 1 (SAHAJ) cannot be used by an individual:

  • Who is a Non-resident or Not Ordinarily Resident
  • Who is a Director of a company
  • Whose total income exceeds Rs. 50 lakhs
  • Who has income from more than 1 house property
  • Who has held unlisted equity shares at any time during the previous year
  • Who claims deduction under section 80QQB or section 80RRB in respect of royalty from patents or books
  • Who is a person in whose case tax has been deducted under section 194N.
  • Who is a person in whose case payment or deduction of tax has been deferred under section 191(2) or section 192(1C)
  • Who claims deduction under section 10AA or Part-C of Chapter VI-A
  • Who has brought forward loss or losses to be carried forward under any head
  • Person claiming deduction under section 57 from income taxable under the head ‘Other Sources'(other than deduction allowed from family pension)
  • Who wants to claim relief under ​section 90 or section 91
  • Who wants to claim credit of tax deducted at source in the hands of any other person.
  • Who has any assets (including Financial Interest in an entity) located outside India.
  • Who has signing authority in any account outside India
  • Who has any income to be apportioned in accordance with provisions of section 5A
  • Who has any of the following income:

a)  Income from Business or Profession

b)  Capital Gains

c)  Income taxable under the head ‘Other sources’ which is taxable at special rate

d)  Dividend income exceeding Rs. 10 lakhs taxable under section 115BBDA

e)  Unexplained income (i.e., cash credit, unexplained investment, etc.) taxable at 60% under section 115BBE

f)  Agricultural Income exceeding Rs. 5,000

g)  Income from any source outside India

Q.8 Who can use ITR – 2?

Ans: ​​​​​Form ITR – 2 can be used by an individual and Hindu Undivided Family who is not eligible to file​​ITR-1 Sahaj​ and not having income from “profit and gains of business or profession” and also not having income from “Profits and gains of business or profession” in the nature of interest, salary, bonus, commission or remuneration, by whatever name called, due to, or received by him from a partnership firm.

​​Further, in case where the income of another person like spouse, minor child, etc., is to be clubbed with the income of the taxpayer, this Return Form can be used if income to be clubbed falls in any of the above categories.

ITRDescription
​ITR – 2It is applicable to an individual and HUFs whose income chargeable to income-tax under the head “Profits or gains of business or profession” is in the nature of interest, salary, bonus, commission or remuneration, by whatever name called, due to, or received by him from a partnership firm

Q.9 Who cannot use ITR – 2?

Ans: Form ITR – 2 cannot be used by an individual and HUF whose total income for the year includes income from profit and gains from business or profession and also having income in the nature of interest, salary, bonus, commission or remuneration, by whatever name called, due to, or received by him from partnership firm​

Q.10 Who can use ITR – 3?

Ans: ​​Form ITR – 3 can be used by an individual or a Hindu Undivided Family who is having income from profits and gains of business or profession.​​​ITR – 3 is also required to be filed by a person whose income is chargeable to tax under the head “Profits and gains ofbusiness or profession” is in the nature of interest, salary, bonus, commission or remuneration, by whatever name called, due to, or received by him from a partnership firm.

Q.11 Who cannot use ITR – 3?

​​​​​​Ans: Form​ ITR – 3 cannot be used by any person other than an individual or a HUF. Further, an individual or a HUF not having income from business or profession cannot use​​ITR – 3.​​

Q.12 Who can use ITR – 4 (SUGAM)?

​​​​​​Ans: Form ITR – 4 (SUGAM) can be u​sed by an Individual/HUF/Firm (Other than LLP)​ whose total income for the year includes:

(a) Business income computed as per the provisions of section 44AD or​44AE; or​;

(b) Income from Profession as computed as per the provisions of​44ADA; or

(c) Income from salary/pension; or

(d) Income from one house property (excluding cases where loss is brought forward from previous years); or

(e) Income from other sources (excluding winnings from lottery and income from race horses dividend income in excess of Rs. 10 lakhs or unexplained Income, etc. as referred to in section 115BBE)

Further, in a case where the income of another person like spouse, minor child, etc., is to be clubbed with the income of the taxpayer, this return form can be used where income to be clubbed falls in any of the above categories. ​

Q.13 Who cannot use ITR – 4 (SUGAM)?

​​​​​​​​Ans: Form ITR – 4 (SUGAM) cannot be used by an individual/HUF:

  • Who is a Non-resident or Not Ordinarily Resident
  • Who is a Director of a company
  • Whose total income exceeds Rs. 50 lakhs
  • Who has income from more than one House Property
  • Who has held unlisted equity shares at any time during the previous year
  • Who claims deduction under section 80QQB or section 80RRBin respect of royalty from patent or books
  • Who claims deduction under section 10AAor Part-C of Chapter VI-A
  • Who has brought forward loss or losses to be carried forward under any head
  • Who has income of the nature specified in section 17(2)(vi)on which tax is payable or deductible under section 191(2) or section 192(1C).
  • Person claiming deduction under section 57 from income taxable under the head ‘Other Sources’ (other than deduction allowed from family pension)
  • Who wants to claim relief under section 90 and section 91
  • Who wants to claim credit of tax deducted at source in the hands of any other person.
  • Who has any assets (including Financial Interest in an entity) located outside India.
  • Who has signing authority in any account outside India
  • Who has any income to be apportioned in accordance with provisions of section 5A
  • Who has any of the following income:

a)  Income from Business or Profession

b)  Income from Business or ProfessionCapital Gains or Loss

c)  Income from Business or ProfessionIncome taxable under the head ‘Other sources’ which is taxable at special rate

d)  Income from Business or ProfessionDividend income exceeding Rs. 10 lakhs taxable under Section 115BBDA

e)  Income from Business or ProfessionUnexplained income (i.e., cash credit, unexplained investment, etc.) taxable at 60% under section 115BBE

f)  Income from Business or ProfessionAgricultural Income exceeding Rs. 5,000

g)  Income from Business or ProfessionIncome from any source outside India

h)  Income from Business or ProfessionIncome from speculative business and other special incomes.

i)  Income from Business or ProfessionIncome from agency business or commission or brokerage

In case the assesse keeps and maintains all books of accounts and other documents referred to in section 44AA, and also gets his accounts audited and obtains an audit report as per section 44AB, filling up the Form ITR – 4 (SUGAM) is not mandatory. In such a case, other regular return forms viz. Form ITR – 3 or Form ITR – 5, as applicable, should be used.

Q.14 Who can use ITR – 5?

Ans: ​​​Form​ ITR – 5 can be used by a person being a firm, LLP, AOP, BOI, Artificial Juridical Person (AJP) referred to in section 2(31)(vii), local authority referred to in section 2(31)(vi), representative assessee referred to in section 160(1)(iii) or (iv)​, cooperative society, society registered under Societies Registration Act, 1860 or under any other law of any State, trust other than trusts eligible to file Form​ ITR – 7, estate of deceased person, estate of an insolvent, business trust referred to in section 139(4E) and investments fund referred to in section 139(4F).

Q.15 Who cannot use ITR – 5?

​​​​​​​​Ans: Form ITR – 5 cannot be used by, a person who is required to file the return of income under section 139(4A) or139(4B) or 139(4C) or​ 139(​4D) (i.e., trusts, political party, institutions, colleges).

Q.16 Who can use ITR – 6?

Ans: ​​​​​​​​​​​Form ITR – 6 can be used by a company, other than a company claiming exemption under section 11 (charitable/religious trust can claim exemption under section 11​).

Q.17 Who cannot use ITR – 6?

​​​​​​​​​​​​​Ans: Form ITR – 6 cannot be used by a company claiming exemption under section 11​ (charitable/religious trust can claim exemption under section 11).​

Q.18 Who can use ITR – 7?

​​​​​​​​​​Ans: Form I​TR – 7 can be used by persons including companies who are required to furnish return under section 139(4A) or section 139(4B)​ or section 139(4C) or section 139(4D) ​ (i.e., trusts, political party, institutions, colleges).

Q.19 Who cannot use ITR – 7?

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Ans: Form ITR – 7 cannot be used by a person who is not required to furnish return under section 139(4A) or section 139(4B)​ or section 139(4C) or section 139(4D)  (i.e., trusts, political party, institutions, colleges). ​

Q.20 How to file the return of income electronically?

​​​​Ans: Income-tax Department has established an independent portal for e-filing of return of income. The taxpayers can log on to https://www.incometax.gov.in/iec/foportal for e-filing the return of income.​

Q.21 What is e-filing utility provided by the Income-tax Department?

Ans: ​The Income-tax Department has provided free e-filing utility (i.e., Java & excel) to generate e-return and furnishing of return electronically. The e-filing utility provided by Department is simple, easy to use and also contains instructions on how to use it. By using the e-filing utility, the taxpayers can easily file their returns of income. Utility can be downloaded from https://www.incometax.gov.in/iec/foportal

Q.22 Is there any e-filing help desk established by the Income-tax Department?

Ans: ​​​In case of queries on e-filing of return, the taxpayer can contact 1800 180 1961.​​

Q.23 What is the difference between e-filing and e-payment?

Ans: ​​​E-payment is the process of electronic payment of tax (i.e., by net banking or SBI’s debit/credit card) and e-filing is the process of electronically furnishing of return of income. Using the e-payment and e-filing facility, the taxpayer can discharge his obligations of payment of tax and furnishing of return easily and quickly.​

Q.24 Will I be put to any disadvantage by filing my return?

Ans: ​​No, on the contrary by not filing your return inspite of having taxable income, you will be liable to the penalty and prosecution provisions under the Income-tax Act.​

Q.25 What are the benefits of filing my return of income?

​​​​Ans: Filing of return is your duty and earns for you the dignity of consciously contributing to the development of the nation. Apart from this, your income-tax returns validate your credit worthiness before financial institutions and make it possible for you to access many financial benefits such as bank credits, etc.​​

Q.26 What are the benefits of e-filing the return of income?

​​Ans: E-filing can be done from any place at any time and it saves time and efforts. It is simple, easy and faster. The e-filed returns are generally processed faster as compared to returns filed manually.​​

Q.27 Is it necessary to file return of income when I do not have any positive income?

Ans: ​​If you have sustained a loss in the financial year, which you propose to carry forward to the subsequent year for adjustment against subsequent year(s) positive income, you must make a claim of loss by filing your return before the due date. ​​

Q.28 What are the due dates for filing returns of income/loss?

Ans: ​​​​​​​​​Due date of filing of return of income

Sr. No.Status of the taxpayerDue date
1Any company other than a company who is required to furnish a report in Form No. 3CEB under section 92E (i.e. other than covered in 2 below)October 31 of the assessment year
2Any person (may be corporate/non-corporate) who is required to furnish a report in Form No. 3CEB under section 92ENovember 30 of the assessment year
3Any person (other than a company) whose accounts are to be audited under the Income-tax Law or under any other lawOctober 31 of the assessment year
4A working partner of a firm whose accounts are required to be audited under this Act or under any other law.October 31 of the assessment year
5Any other assesseJuly 31 of the assessment year . ​

​Q.29 Will I be penalized on late filing of ITR even if I am not liable to file it?

Ans: ​​​​No, late filing fee under section 234F not leviable in case you are not required to file ITR as per section 139 but filing it voluntary though after the due date.

Q.30 If I fail to furnish my return within the due date, will I be fined or penalized?

Ans: As per section 234F, late filing fees of Rs. 5,000 shall be payable if return furnished after due date specified under section 139(1). However amount of late filing fees to be paid shall be Rs.1,000, if the total income of the person does not exceed Rs.5 lakhs.

Q.31 Can a return be filed after the due date?

​​​Ans: Return of income which has not been furnished on or before the due date specified under section 139(1) is called belated return. Belated return of income is furnished under section 139(4).

Any person who has not furnished a return of income within the time period allowed under section 139(1) or within the time period allowed under a notice issued under section 142(1), may furnish return for any previous year

– at any time 3 months before the end of the relevant assessment year or before completion of the assessment, whichever is earlier.

However, a belated return attracts late filing fees under section 234F.

As per section 234F, late filing fees of Rs.5,000 shall be payable if return furnished after due date specified under section 139(1). However amount of late filing fees to be paid shall be Rs.1,000, if the total income of the person does not exceed Rs.5 lakhs.

Q.32 Can a return of income be filed after the expiry of due date to file belated return?

Ans: The Finance Act 2022, has inserted subsection (8A) in section 139 to enable the filing of an updated return. The section provides that an updated return can be filed by any person irrespective of the fact whether such person has already filed the original, belated or revised return for the relevant assessment year or not (subject to certain conditions).

An updated return can be filed at any time within 24 months from the end of the relevant assessment year.

Q.33 If I have paid excess tax how will it be refunded to me?

Ans: The excess tax can be claimed as refund by filing your Income-tax return. It will be refunded to you by crediting it in your bank account through ECS transfer. The department has been making efforts to settle refund claims at the earliest.​​

Q.34 If I have committed any mistake in my original return, am I permitted to file a revised return to correct the mistake?

Ans: ​A return of income can be revised at any time 3 months before the end of the assessment year or before the assessment whichever is earlier.

Q.35 How many times can I revise the return?

Ans: ​​​If a person after furnishing the return finds any mistake, omission or any wrong statement, then return should be revised within prescribed time limit.

A return can be revised at any time 3 months before the end of the Assessment Year or before the completion of the assessment; whichever is earlier.

If original return has filed in paper format or manually, then technically it cannot be revised by online mode or electronically. ​​​

Revised return can be filed online under section 139(5)​.​​

Q.36 Am I required to keep a copy of the return filed as proof and for how long?

Ans: ​​​​Yes, since legal proceedings under the Income-tax Act can be initiated for past years, you must maintain copy of return. After the introduction of the e-filing facility, it is very easy and simple to maintain a copy of return of income.

Q.37 There are various deductions that are not reflected in the Form 16 issued by my employer. Can I claim them in my return?

Ans: ​​Yes, it can be claimed if you are otherwise eligible to claim the same.​

Q.38 Why is return filing mandatory, even though all my taxes and interests have been paid and there is no refund due to me?

Ans: ​​Amounts paid as advance tax and withheld in the form of TDS or collected in the form of TCS will take the character of your tax due only on completion of self-assessment of your income. This self-assessment is intimated to the Department by way of filing of the return of income. Only then the Government assumes rights over the taxes paid by you. Filing of return is critical for this process and, hence, has been made mandatory. Failure will attract levy of penalty.​​

Q.39 Am I liable for any criminal prosecution [arrest/imprisonment, etc.] if I don’t file my Income-tax return, even though my income is taxable?

Ans: ​Non-payment of tax attracts interests, penalty and prosecution. The prosecution can lead to rigorous imprisonment from 3 months to 2 years (when the tax sought to be evaded exceeds Rs. 25,00,000 the punishment could be 6 months to 7 years).​​

Q.40 What is Form 26AS?

​​​Ans: It is a form issued under Rule 114-I​​, wherein the following information related to taxpayer is published:

a) Information relating to TDS and TCS;

b) Information relating to Specified Financial Transactions (SFT);

c) Information relating to payment of taxes;

d) Information relating to demand and refund;

e) Information relating to pending proceedings;

f) Information relating to completed proceedings;

g) Information received from any officer, authority or body performing any functions under any law or information received under an agreement referred under section 90 or section 90A;

h) Relating to GST return;

i) Foreign remittance reported in Form 15CC;

j) Information in Annexure-II of the Form 24Q of the last quarter

k) Information in ITR of other taxpayer

l) Interest on Income Tax Refund;

m) Information in Form 61/61Awhere PAN could be populated;

n) Off Market Transactions Reported by Depository/Registrar and Transfer Agent (RTA);

o) Information about dividend reported by Registrar and Transfer Agent (RTA);

p) Information about purchase of mutual fund reported by Registrar and Transfer Agent (RTA); and

q) Information received from any other person to the extent it may be deemed fit in the interest of the revenue.

Q.41 What to do if discrepancies appear in actual TDS and TDS credit as per Form 26AS?

​Ans: Every person deducting tax at source has to furnish the details of tax deducted by him to the Income-tax Department. The details will cover the name of the deductee, Permanent Account Number of the deductee, amount of tax deducted, amount paid to the deductee, date of payment of TDS to the credit of Government, etc. On the basis of the details of TDS provided by the deductor, the Income-tax Department will update Form 26AS of the deductee.

Many times the actual amount of TDS and TDS credit as appearing in Form 26AS may differ and it may happen that the TDS credit appearing in Form 26AS may be less as compared to actual TDS, this may happen due to reasons like non-furnishing of TDS details to the Income-tax Department by the deductor, deducting the tax in incorrect Permanent Account Number, etc. In such a case the deductee should approach the deductor and request him to take the necessary steps to rectify the discrepancy due to above reasons.
The Income-tax Department updates the TDS details in Form 26AS on basis of details provided by the person deducting the tax (i.e., the deductor), hence, if there is any default on the part of deductor like non -furnishing of TDS details (i.e., TDS return) to the Income-tax Department, deducting the tax in incorrect Permanents Account Number, etc. then Form 26AS will not reflect the actual TDS. In such a case, the taxpayer may not be able to claim the credit of correct TDS. Hence, the taxpayers are advised to confirm the tax credit appearing in Form 26AS and should reconcile the difference, if any.

​If discrepancy is due to deductor , then he may file TDS/TCS correction statement and correct the same.

Q.42 What precautions should be taken while filing the return of income?

Ans: ​​​​​The followings are the important steps/points/precautions to be kept in mind while filing the return of income:

1)  The first and foremost precaution is to file the return of income on or before the due date. Taxpayers should avoid the practice of filing belated return. Following are the consequences of delay in filing the return of income/ Loss (other than house property loss):

a. Losses cannot be carried forward.

b. Levy of interest under section 234A.

c. Late filing fees under section 234F is levied for return filed after due date. Late filing fee of Rs. 5,000 shall be payable if return furnished after due date. However amount of late filing fees to be paid shall be Rs. 1,000, if total income does not exceed Rs. 5 Lakh.

d. Exemptions under section 10A​, section 10B, are not available.

e. Deduction under 80-IA, 80-IAB, 80-IB, 80-IC , 80-ID and 80-IE, are not available.

f. Deduction under 80IAC, 80IBA, 80JJA, 80JJAA, 80LA, 80P, 80PA, 80QQB and 80RRB are not available. (From A.Y 2018-19)

2) Taxpayer should download Form 26AS and should confirm actual TDS/TCS/Tax paid. If any discrepancy is observed then suitable action should be taken to reconcile it.

3) Compile and carefully study the documents to be used while filing the return of income like bank statement/passbook, interest certificate, investment proofs for which deductions is to be claimed, books of account and balance sheet and P&L A/c (if applicable), etc.

4) No documents are to be attached along with the return of income. The taxpayer should identify the correct return form applicable in his case. Carefully provide all the information in the return form. Confirm the calculation of total income, deductions (if any), interest (if any), tax liability/refund, etc.

5) Ensure that other details like PAN, address, e-mail address, bank account details, etc., are correct.

6) After filling all the details in the return of income and after confirmation of all the details, one can proceed with filing the return of income. In case return is filed electronically without digital signature and without electronic verification code do not forget to post the acknowledgement of filing the return of income at CPC Bangalore within 120 days of filing return of income.

7) For details on e-filing please log on to https://www.incometax.gov.in/iec/foportal ​​

Q.43 What is the eligibility for claiming rebate u/s 87A?

Ans: For AY 2022-23, following are the conditions for claiming rebate under section 87A:

  • An assessee is a resident Individual
  • Total Income does not exceed Rs. 5,00,000
  • Maximum rebate allowed is 100% of Income tax or Rs. 12,500

Rebate under section 87A is not available to a non-resident individual, resident or non-resident HUF/AOP/BOI and company.

Q.44 Which ITR form​ is applicable for LIC agent ?

Ans: ​​​LIC agent can use ITR-3 as LIC agent receiving the commission from insurance company.

Q.45 How to file return of income?

Ans: ​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Return of income can be filed either in hard cop​y (Only ITR 1/4 in specified cases) at the local office of the Income-tax Department or can be electronically filed at https://www.incometax.gov.in/iec/foportal

ITRDescription
ITR 1 (SAHAJ)For Individu​​​​als being ​a resident other than not ordinarily resident ​​having​ Income from Salaries, One house property, Other sources (Interest etc.) and having total ​income upto Rs. 50 lakhs​
ITR 2It is applicable to an individual and HUFs whose income chargeable to income-tax under the head “Profits or gains of business or profession” is in the nature of interest, salary, bonus, commission or remuneration, by whatever name called, due to, or received by him from a partnership firm.
ITR 3It is applicable to an individual or a Hindu Undivided Family who is carrying on a proprietory business or profession.
ITR 4Also known as SUGAM is applicable to individuals or Hindu Undivided Family or partnership firm (other than limited liability partnership firm) who have opted for the presumptive taxation scheme of section 44AD/ 44ADA/44AE.

​Visit the below link for step by step guide for e-Filing of Income-tax return:

https://www.incometaxindia.gov.in/Pages/tax-services/file-i​ncome-tax-return.aspx

Q.46 Can total deductions exceeds the Gross Total Income (GTI)?

Ans: ​​​​​​Deductions provided under Chapter VIA of the Income tax Act, cannot exceed the Gross Total Income (GTI). Income here means all the income accumulated in the GTI and reduced by the incomes mentioned below.

  • Long term Capital Gain (LTCG) under section 112of the Act
  • Long Term Capital Gain (LTCG) under section 112A of the Act
  • Short Term Capital Gains (STCG) under section 111Aof the Act
  • Incomes referred to in sections 115A, 115AB, 115AC, 115AD, 115BBAand 115D
  • Casual incomes like winnings from lotteries, horse races, etc., under section 58(4)of the Act.

Q.47 Do I need to file the income-tax return even when I have paid all the taxes in advance?

​​Ans: Filing of Income-tax return is mandatory for every person whose income (before considering certain exemptions and deductions) exceed maximum exemption limit. With effect from Assessment Year 2020-21, it is mandatory for every person, who is not required to furnish return of income under any other provision of section 139(1)​, to file return of income if during the previous year he:

1. Has deposited an amount (or aggregate of amount) in excess of Rs. 1 crore in one or more current account maintained with a bank or a co-operative bank.

2. Has incurred aggregate expenditure in excess of Rs. 2 lakh for himself or any other person for travel to a foreign country.

3. Has incurred aggregate expenditure in excess of Rs. 1 lakh towards payment of electricity bill.

4. ​Fulfils such other conditions as may be prescribed.

The CBDT vide notification No. 37/2022, dated 21-04-2022, has notified additional conditions under the seventh proviso to section 139(1) whereby return filing is made mandatory. These additional conditions are as follows:

1) If total sales, turnover or gross receipt of the business exceeds Rs. 60 lakh during the previous year; or

2) If total gross receipt of profession exceeds Rs. 10 lakh during the previous year; or

3) If the total of tax deducted and collected in case of a person during the previous year is Rs. 25,000 or more. The threshold limit shall be Rs. 50,000 in case of a resident individual of the age of 60 years or more; or

4) If the aggregate deposit in one or more savings bank accounts of the person is Rs. 50 lakhs or more during the previous year.

  • Even when the advance taxes have been paid, the same need to be reported to the Department through Income-tax return filing procedure.
  • This completes the self-assessment of income and taxes are computed on the same.
  • Failure to file the income tax return will attract levy of penalty.
  • Form 26ASreflects the taxes which have been reported by the third party to whom the taxes have been deposited or by whom the taxes have been deducted.
  • Income-tax return helps in reconciling the records as submitted by assessee and as per Income-tax department records.​
  • Assessee claims refund.

Q.48 TDS has been deposited under wrong PAN. How can I claim that TDS?

​Ans: TDS credit must be checked in Form 26AS before filing of Income-tax return. If it is not reflected correctly there may be several reasons like:

  • TDS is not deposited by deductor
  • TDS is deposited but return is not filed by deductor
  • TDS is wrongly deposited under some other PAN
  • TDS credit is not updated in Form 26AS
  • Any other reason

When deductor deposits TDS under some wrong PAN, he has to make correction in the statement for PAN. In some cases, online PAN correction can also be made.

Assessee can claim TDS in Income-tax return after that PAN correction.

[As amended by Finance Act, 2022]

(Republished with Amendment, Source -Income Tax Website)

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