Further simplification of the GST system is needed to boost collections
The strong GST collections since last October indicate that the new indirect tax system is finally falling in place, following teething troubles in the first few years. These collections can be further bolstered through simplification of the system and greater surveillance, by both the Centre and the States. GST collections have sustained above the ₹1 lakh crore mark since last October, recording an all-time high of ₹1.19 lakh crore in January. The improvement in tax collection is due, in large part, to the improvement in consumption and business conditions since the second quarter of this fiscal year, as the economy began unlocking. But the boost also seems to have been led by certain initiatives by the GST authorities.
The most significant of these is the implementation of e-invoice uploads by GST payers. Under this system, details regarding all invoices for B2B transactions have to be entered in an invoice registration portal, which is then transferred to the GST and e-way bill portals. The details captured from the e-invoices are used to populate the GSTR-1 return and part-A of the e-way bills thus leading to automatic filling of returns, which was the original objective of the GST system. With the buyer’s GST return also capturing the details in the e-invoices, tax evasion becomes quite difficult. This system has been implemented in a phased manner since last October, beginning with largest taxpayers with turnover exceeding ₹500 crore, and the higher collections since then could partly be due to this. With smaller taxpayers also being gradually moved to e-invoicing system — businesses with turnover up to ₹50 crore have to upload e-invoices from April 1 — the leakages are set to reduce further. Another factor behind higher GST collections appears to be the authorities using the data collected at the GST portal more effectively to identify tax evasion. The completion of the GST audit for FY19 has also helped identify the inadvertent errors being made by taxpayers and correcting these has also helped get the system on its feet. Besides these, the crackdown on people issuing fake invoices to avail input tax credit is also acting as a deterrent to such malpractices, helping plug leakages.